Thyagaraja Temple Thiruvarur: Arulmigu Thiyaagaraaja Swaamy Temple

Thyagarajar Temple Thiiruvarur
Thyagarajar Temple Thiiruvarur
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Thyagaraja swamy Temple

அருள்மிகு தியாகராஜ சுவாமி திருக்கோவில், திருவாரூர்

Thyagaraja Temple is a Shiva temple, located in the town of Thiruvarur in Tamil Nadu, India. Shiva is worshiped as Puttridankondar, and is represented by the lingam.

Thyagaraja Temple Thiruvarur: Thyagaraja Temple, Tiruvarur: Sizable 9th-century temple devoted to Shiva featuring lavish entrance towers, gardens & a pond. The Thyagaraja Temple, lies in Tiruvarur town in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The temple is dedicated to the worship of Shiva.

The main shrine of the temple is split into two, one dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva as Vanmikinathar, while the other is dedicated to the worship of Thyagarajar. The shrine devoted to Vanmikinathar is purportedly ages older than the one dedicated to Thyagarajar.

Thiruvarur_Temle_Panorama_2

Thiruvarur is the birthplace of Tyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri, popularly known as the Trinity of Carnatic music of the 18th century CE.

Paadal Petra Sthalam

The Paadal Petra Sthalam, also known as Thevara Sthalam, are 275 temples that are revered in the verses of Saiva Nayanars in the 6th-9th century CE and are amongst the greatest Shiva temples of the continent. Thiruvarur is one of them.

Ajapa natanam

The Thyagarajar Temple at Tiruvarur is famous for the ajapa natanam (dance without chanting), that is executed by the deity itself. According to legend, a Chola king named Mucukunta obtained a boon from Indra (a celestial deity) and wished to receive an image of Thyagaraja Swamy (presiding deity, Shiva in the temple) reposing on the chest of reclining Vishnu. Indra tried to misguide the king and had six other images made, but the king chose the right image at Tiruvarur.

Tower / Gopurams

The Thiruvarur temple complex covers 30 acres, and is one of the largest in India. It houses nine gateway towers known as gopurams.

TempleVidangar TempleDance poseMeaning
Thyagarajar Temple, TiruvarurVidhividangarAjaba NatanamDance without chanting, resembling the dance of Sri Thyagaraja resting on Vishnu‘s chest

Thiyagaraja swami Temple Profile

AffiliationHinduism
DistrictTiruvarur
DeityVanmeega Nathar (Shiva) (moolavar)
Veethividangar (Shiva) (Utsavar)
LocationTiruvarur
StateTamil Nadu
CountryIndia
Type Tamil architecture
CreatorTamil architecture

Thiruvarur Thyagaraja Temple Timings

Morning : 5.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m.
Evening : 4.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.

Pooja NamePooja TimePooja Session
Ushathkala Pooja05.30 A.MMorning
Kalasandhi Pooja09.00 A.MMorning
Uchikkalam Pooja12.00 P.MAfter noon
Sayaratchai Pooja06.00 P.MEvening
Irandamkala Pooja07.00 P.MEvening
Ardha Jama Pooja08.45 P.MNight

Thyagaraja Temple Abishekam

Abishekam is not performed to Lord Thiagaraja but to the Maragatha Linga (precious emerald Linga known as Veedhi Vidanga Linga believed to have been worshipped earlier by Indira) at 8.30 a.m., 11.00 a.m. and at 7.00 p.m. each day.

After the abishek is over, the Linga would be placed in a silver box with flowers and covered by a silver vessel. This will be then locked in the presence of officials and placed on the right side of Lord Thiagaraja.

Arulmigu Thyagaraja Temple Temple

Arulmigu Thiyagarajaswamy Temple
Thiruvarur – 610001
Phone Number: 04366-242343.

Thyagaraja Temple Accessibility

  • Wheelchair-accessible car park
  • Wheelchair-accessible entrance

Thiyagarajaswamy Temple Highlights

The Thiyagaraja temple at Thiruvarur is one of the ancient heritage sites of India and is a representation of the religio-socio-cultural history of the Tamil region for a period spanning over a millennium and a half. Little is known about this shrine to much of India.

Located near Thanjavur in Tamilnadu, Thiruvarur is an ancient shrine steeped in mysticism. It is rich in legend, history and tradition.

Thyagaraja Swamy Temple History

Trace the history of Thiruvarur through insights gained from the Tevaram hymns, temple inscriptions and other sources.

Thiruvarur Deities

Vanmikanathar represents the Moolavar while the shrine dedicated to Thiyagaraja is the better known shrine in the temple. The Vanmikanathar Legend relates to Shiva appearing within an anthill in response to prayers from the Gods.

Legend has it that the Thiyagaraja (Somaskanda) image at Thiruvarur was created and worshipped by Maha Vishnu. Somaskanda is symbolic of fertility, of royal lineage etc.

Somaskanda Iconography

Somaskanda refers to a manifestation of Shiva with Skanda and Uma by his side. Thiyagaraja represents the Somaskanda manifestation of Shiva at Thiruvarur and at a few other shrines. Thiyagarajar is referred to as Veedhi Vitankar in the Tevaram hymns.

The Thiyagaraja Shrine at Thiruvarur is steeped in mysticism. Thiyagaraja is associated with the Ajapaa Natanam.

Ajaba Natanam

Lord Thiyagaraja is said to have raisen from the navel of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu in his yoga stage breaths, and when Adisesha also breaths, there are waves found in the parkadal, the milky ocean at the vaikuntha, where Lord Vishnu resides.

Mucukunda Chola Legend

The valorous Chola king brought back from Indra 7 images of Somaskanda.

Sapta Vitanka Shrines refer to seven temples in the Chola kingdom enshrining images of Thiyagaraja brought to earth by Mucukunda Chakravarti.

Thyagaraja Temple Thiruvarur Layout

The vast temple complex at Thiruvarur with several shrines has many spacious mandapams and towering gopurams.

Thyagaraja Temple Thiruvarur Layout
Thyagaraja Temple Thiruvarur Layout

Nilothpalambal Inside the main temple there is another seperate shrine for Goddess Nilothpalambal. The Goddess,with two hands is Aadi Parasakti.Alongside the Goddess,an assistant is seen carrying on her shoulder Lord Muruga- an interesting feature-and the Goddess is shown touching the head of Lord Muruga.

one known as Chandikes-varar and the other called as Yama Chandikesvarar, with curles of hair and beard. It is said that all those born at Thiruvarur are Sivaganas and lord Yama does not have any work to do. He complains to Easwara and says he does not have any work.

Manuniti Chola

There was a Chola king who ruled Thiruvarur by name Manuniti Chola. Once his son, when riding the Chariot, accidentally killed a calf on the road. As per the rules of the kindom, a bell was kept outside the palace and any one wishing to have one’s grievance attended to should ring the bell. The cow mother of the calf, pulled the bell on seeing the dead calf. The king, the just ruller that he was, rode the chariot over his son. Pleased with the king’s sense of justice, the gods are set to have revived.

Music Trinities

  • In Carnatic music, Syama Sastri, Thiyagaraja and Muthusamy Deetchidar are known as music Trinities.
  • Syama Sastri (A. D 1762 – 1827) He excelled in composing songs in Anandha Bairavi ragam. Rare ragas like Chinthamani, Manjee are identified in his some of 300 Kiruthis (a musical form of short lyrics with excellent ornamentation). “Viloma Sappu” a kind of tala, was introduced by him. All his songs are in Sanskrit and Telugu.
  • SYAMA SASTRI was born to Visvanatha Iyer and Vengalakshmi on April 26, 1762. He was a Tamil – speaking brahmin known as auttara vadama. Visvanatha Iyer and his forefathers were archakas in the temple of Goddess Bangaru Kamakshi.
  • Syama Sastri’s actual name was Venkata Subrahmanya. But he was affectionately called Syama Sastri. At the age of seven, his Upanayanam was performed. He was taught devotional songs, given sound education in Sanskrit and Telugu. He used to accompany his father to the temple. Gradually his faith in the Goddess grew. Finding his aptitude for music, his mother requested her cousins to teach him the fundamentals of music. Within a short period, the boy became proficient in it.
  • When Syama Sastri was 18, his father settled down at Thanjavur. A sanyasi, Sangita Svami, an Andhra brahmin, came to their house from Banares. He was pleased with the talents of Syama Sastri and offered to be his guru. After teaching him the mysteries underlying the raga and tala prastaras, he directed Syama Sastri to go to Paccimiriyam Adiyappayya.
  • Once, Kesavayya, a great musician from Bobbili, came to Thanjavur and challenged the court musicians in handling intricate talas. Syama Sastri had to face him. He entered the temple and stood in deep meditation.
  • He sang “Devi brova samayamide’ meaning “Devi! now it is the time for you to protect me”. Later he gained confidence and went to the court to face the contest and defeated the challenger.
  • Muthuuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri were good friends. They often met and spent hours together singing. Syama Sastri had deep regard for Thiyagaraja.
  • Once Syama Sastri was singing Brhadamba in Pudukottai, an elderly saint was pleased and directed him to go to Madurai and sing in praise of Meenaksi Amman and receive her blessings. Syama Sastri decided to do so and composed “navaratnamalika’ (nine kritis)
  • Thiyagaraja(A.D 1767-1847)Standardization of Sangathis(singing a lyrical structure in different styles) in kirthanas is reported to be his main contribution. Incorporation of folk and western into karnatic is a notable contribution as revealed by one of his biographers. His “Pancharathna Kirthana” (song consisting of 5 Ragas) is a great masterpiece. Rare ragas like “Navarasa Kanada”,”Vijaya Shree” and “Bhahudari” were brilliantly handled by him.
  • The life and work of Thiyagaraja, the bard of Tiruvayyaru, is a miracle of miracles.
  • The life and work of Thiyagaraja, the bard of Tiruvayyaru, is a miracle of miracles. For no musician, with exception of Purandaradasa, revolutionized and gave direction to Indian music as he did. So creative a musician and saint was he that he has come to be known as Sri Tyaga Brahmam, which is a reference not only to his creativity but carries with it a part of his father’s name, Ramabrahmam.
  • The bulwark of a great culture, the Vijayanagara Empire, with all its glory, fell at the end of the 16th century. The invasion from the North brought in its wake new, though not always commendable, trends in living. Quite a few Hindu families had to flee to Southern areas which were still peaceful.
  • Many found shelter under the benign rule of the Nayakas and the Maratha kings of Tamilnadu. Particularly, a number of Telugu families went South and formed nuclei of art and culture and Tyagaraja’s ancestors belonged to one such stock, as he describes himself as descending from the Kakarla family (Kakarla is a village in the Kurnool District of Andhra).
  • Tiruvarur in the Tanjavur district of South India is a small hamlet; it is small in size, but has great sanctity hallowed by the memory of the three composers, the Trimoorty, of Karnatak music.
  • Muthusamy Deekshidar (A.D 1776-1835) He followed his own unique 72 melakartha system, and composed his kirthana in 35 Tala system. He is famous for his social kirthanas. He introduced new rich aesthetic components into Carnatic music. His compositions were in Telugu, Sanskrit and Tamil.
  • Dikshitar’s songs bring in a mood of meditative devotion of sublime nature which transcends words and feelings.
  • Dikshitar was probably the most complete classical composer and one of the most versatile men world has ever seen.

How to Reach Thyagaraja Temple Thiruvarur

Google Review about Thyagaraja Temple

aswin chandran
2022-06-04
A prehistoric temple dedicated to lord Shiva were the lord is worshipped as lord Thiyaagaraaja Swami ,The temple is located in the heart of Thiruvarur There are numerous sub shrines dedicated to lord Ganesha,Devi and other gods , different forms of Shivalingas can be seen here The temple is a glorious example of Tamil architecture and is a great place to offer prayers the temple also has numerous chariots
G V
2022-05-11
Large and beautiful temple of Thiyagarajar. Well maintained and good temple. Not much restaurant options nearby though.
Pradeep V
2022-04-17
A old and traditional place and a very big temple, known for its thiyagraaja association and the number of sivalingas around the the temple. It has some unique features , 25 acre large temple pond right in the center of city. And a temple that is even more bigger.
RAJMOHAN D G
2022-03-23
Great temple with beautiful and highly architech sclupture.The god named Thigayarajar(Lord Shiva). Car is well known for its height, it's the only tallest Car in Asia. The pond for this temple is marvelous.This is a holy city surrounded with villages and many temples. One should vist the temple in his life. To reach temple: From Chennai by train and lots of buses available.
Vijay Shankar Bhat
2022-03-21
Sri Thyagaraja Swamy, Thiruvarur Swami Thyagarajar Temple is located in Thiruvarur,Tamil Nadu. This Thiyagaraja temple is one of the most ancient heritage sites in India. The current structure of the temple reflects the cultural history of the Tamil region for a period spanning over several thousands of years in recent past.History has it that the Thiyagaraja (Somaskanda) image at Thiruvarur was created and worshipped by Lord Maha Vishnu Himself.This is one of the Padal Petra Sthalams.The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva literary work Thevaram. The Temple: The temple complex covers 30 acres, and is one of the largest in India. The temple has four large gopurams ( gateway towers). The tallest is the eastern tower, with four stories and a height of almost 100 feet (30 metres).As per records it is seen that the present structure was built during the Chola dynasty in the 9th century, while later expansions were made by Vijayanagar rulers of the Sangama Dynasty (1336–1485 CE), the Saluva Dynasty and the Tuluva Dynasty (1491–1570 CE).
Madan Mohan
2022-03-19
Thyagaraja Swamy temple is one of the very important temples dedicated to Shiva. It is a very ancient temple with abundance of history, purana, and lores. The temple, its pond and garden are look massive. The main deity here is Vanmeega nathar but processional deity Thyagaraja Swamy is more popular and the temple is known by his name. Vanmeega nathar is swayambhu and emerged from ant-hill. Along with Kanchipuram, Thiruvarur too is praised as Pruthvi sthalam. There are so many sub shrines inside the temple. It will require one full day atleast to view the temple thoroughly. Thyagaraja Swamy here is in worshipped as King and the rituals are performed accordingly. Daily evening worship done to Vidanga lingam is very special. The temple is one of the seven Saptha Vidanga Sthalams and is the first of those temples. There are two Ambals, Kamalambal, is found seated in a unique position, she is the ultimate form of mother Goddess. The other Goddess, Neelothpalambal, is standing with her women attendant who holds Murugan. The temple is hailed as Nithya Pradosha Sthalam (Lord Devendra is believed to perform the daily evening worship) and Sarva Dosha Nivarthi Sthalam (the temple that eliminates all sorts of bad karma). The yearly chariot festival, Panguni Uthiram, Maha Shivratri, Arudra Darshan and Aani Thirumanjanam are important festivals. The temple's chariot is the biggest in the World. The temple has been visited and sung by Nayanmars and several saints. One amongst my most favourite Shiva temples.
Vinoth kumar C
2022-02-17
A very good temple which was constructed in chola period. Such a big temple ,there are more lingams available inside. It comes under paadal Petra sthalam. The temple car of this temple is biggest in India which is such a massive build. The lake of this temple is so big. Temple has parking in all directions of gopurams. Visible and good space available in west entrance of temple. The temple needs maintenance,it was so ugly and lighting inside praharams are not visible,low watt bulb. Such a big and wonderful temple but lacks maintenance. The Ambal here is Kamalambigai which is most powerful here. Overall a good experience visiting this. Excellent sculptures and construction.
sowmiya M
2022-01-11
I had a Great time to visit temple... i check in 5 am to 8 am for better experience ☀ i really felt so many positive vibes in that temple... its very older Siva Allayam in Tamil Nadu... and this temple older than Madurai Meenakshi Amman Kovil... and ( local people's said to me around thousand and thousands year old...) many kings visited this temple... this temple owned lot of stories... ⚡⚡⚡

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